Whooping Cranes are ‘Winter Texans’

Endangered Whooping Cranes flying near Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, their wintering home. (Julianne G. Crane)

It was a heart-stopping moment when I first spotted a family of Whooping Cranes making their way across the south Texas sky. With a slow wingbeat, they gracefully circled, then glided ever-so-gently onto a marshy field just north of Goose Island State Park and south of the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge.

The endangered Whooping Crane is one of the rarest birds in North America. All of the whoopers alive today (biologists estimate there are approximately 505 birds in the wild flock as of 2018) are descendents of the last 15 remaining cranes that were found wintering in Texas in 1941.

Aransas National Wildlife Refuge

It is said the cranes are drawn to the Aransas Refuge wetlands on the Texas Gulf Coast partly because of the abundant food source including berries and tasty blue crabs.

Biologists believe the Aransas-Wood Buffalo population must have at least 1,000 individual birds and 250 reproductive pairs before the species can be considered for down-listing under the Endangered Species Act.

A family of whooping crane return frequently to the same field near The Big Tree south of the Aransas Wildlife Refuge. (Julianne G. Crane)

They are also the tallest of birds in North America, with adults standing nearly 5-feet tall and having a 7-foot wingspan.

These magical birds mate for life and can live nearly 30 years in the wild. Adults have snow-white plumage with black wingtips. Juveniles have a mixture of white and brown feathers, also with black wingtips.

These Winter Texans are part of “the only one self-sustaining whooping crane population” that “survives in the wild,”  according to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

They autumn they migrate 2,500 miles to the Aransas Refuge, returning in the spring to nest in Wood Buffalo National Park in the Northwest Territories of Canada. They do all of this in small flocks of 2 to 8, sometimes traveling with Sandhill Cranes.

“While coastal salt marsh was the most common habitat type,” says the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, “we observed whooping cranes using a wide variety of other habitat types as well including freshwater wetlands, upland prairies and shrublands and open-water bay edges.”

As this information was tumbling through my mind, a wildlife photographer at this roadside viewing area,  mentioned that he had a spotter scope focused on a family of three cranes, if I wanted a closer look.

As I peered into the telescope, I gasped, “Oh my” as the adult male’s profile popped into view. The crane’s  brilliant red crown, bright yellow eyes and regal bearing were truly breathtaking. For another amazing minute I marveled at these incredible creatures before reluctantly tuning over the telescope to the next eager viewer.

Julianne G. Crane

Photos: (Click on the photos for a larger view) Top: Two Whooping Cranes flying near Goose Island State Park and the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge. (Bottom) Family group including male (l), female (blue tag on right leg), and juvenile (beige head). (Julianne G. Crane)

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